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Dokument jest ciągle modyfikowany. Część może byc nieprzetłumaczona z francuskiego, który jest podstawowy.

5. World


Since World() is a very special function, I decided not to follow the normal Python convention and have its name start with an uppercase letter.

Choose a world other than Home 1. Then run the following program twice:

World("Home 1")

The first time you run it, you should see Reeborg informing you that the world has changed to Home 1, which you should be able to confirm by looking at the world.

The second time you run it, because Home 1 is already selected, the function World() is effectively ignored, and the rest of the program is executed.

5.1. Programming exercise

Before I tell you more about World(), I want you to revisit a program you should have written before.

Do this! It’s important.

Select world Storm 1. Write a program that will make Reeborg collect all the leaves and put them in the compost bin. Your program will very likely require you to use carries_object().

5.2. Loading a remote world

Look closely at the world Storm 1, taking note of where leaves are.

Now, at the very top of the program you just wrote to have Reeborg pick up all the leaves in Storm 1, add the following line of code:


[Note that it is a number “1” at the end of not_storm1, and not the letter “l”.] Run the program once: Reeborg should tell you that the world has been loaded properly. Its appearance should be identical to what it was before.

Note how the world name in the selector at the top is this very long name which was used as an argument to World().

Click on the “World info” button at the top. You will find a brief description of the world, including the fact that you are not supposed to use carries_object(). Ignore that, and run your program. Take note of what happens.

5.3. Loading a remote world, again

So, your program did not work. We will see how to fix this soon. In the meantime, I want you to try something else. Change the first line of the program to read instead like the following:

      "Not Storm 1")

I have added a second argument to the function World(). So as to avoid having a line of code that would be too long to be seen all at once in the editor, I have put the second argument on a different line. When Python sees an open parentheses ( for a function argument, it continues to read if needed on other lines until it finds a closing ), and treats everything as though it was all on a single line. However, note that I did not split up the strings; I only put things on a new line after a comma, so that each function argument is on its own line.

Now, run this. Again, this will not solve the task at hand. However, if you look at the top, the name that now appears for the world is Not Storm 1 instead of the long address that we had before.

5.4. Save your work

You might want to save your program in a file on your computer by clicking on the “Additional options” button, followed by “Save program to file”. Later, you will be able to retrieve it by clicking on “Import program from file”.